## What is Bitonic Sequence?

A bitonic sequence is a sequence of numbers that first increases, reaches a maximum value, and then decreases. For example, 1, 3, 5, 4, 2 is a bitonic sequence because it increases from 1 to 5 and then decreases from 5 to 2.

Bitonic sequences are important in computer science because they have certain properties that can be used to develop efficient algorithms for tasks such as sorting and searching. For example, you can sort a bitonic sequence in a faster way using a special algorithm called bitonic sort.

## What is the Bitonic Sort algorithm?

The Bitonic Sort algorithm is a parallel sorting algorithm used to sort a bitonic sequence. It works by dividing the input sequence into two parts, sorting each part separately, and then merging the two sorted parts in a specific way.

## How does the Bitonic Sort algorithm work?

- Divide the input sequence into two parts, each of size n/2.
- Sort each part separately using the Bitonic Sort algorithm.
- Merge the two sorted parts into a single sorted sequence by performing a series of comparisons and swaps in a specific way.

The merging step of the algorithm works by comparing and swapping the elements of the sequence that are i positions apart for i = 1 to k (where k is the largest power of 2 less than or equal to n). Then, the sub-sequences formed by the swapped elements are recursively merged in reverse order for i = k/2 to 1.

## What is the time complexity of the Bitonic Sort algorithm?

The time complexity of the Bitonic Sort algorithm is O(log^2 n), where n is the size of the input sequence. This time complexity is achieved by performing parallel comparisons and swaps between the elements of the sequence during the merging step of the algorithm.

## What are the practical applications of the Bitonic Sort algorithm?

The Bitonic Sort algorithm is mainly used to sort bitonic sequences efficiently. It is not as efficient as other sorting algorithms for non-bitonic sequences, and its practical applications are limited to specific scenarios where the input sequence is bitonic. However, the algorithm is widely used in computer science research and can be helpful in developing new algorithms for sorting and searching problems.

## DAA-2022

## Q-1.

(b) Discuss the concept of asymptotic notation and its properties.

## Q-2.

## Q-3

## Q-4

What is Huffman code ? discuss the greedy algorithm for constructing the Huffman code.

## Q-5

## Q-6

## Q-7

What is bitonic sequence ? discuss bitonic sort algorithm and it’s time complexity.

## Q-8

What is sorting Network ? Discuss the structure of bubble sorting network.