Venture Capital Financing Schemes Offered by Various Financial Institutions in India


Venture capital (VC) financing is a critical source of funding for startups and early-stage businesses in India. As the entrepreneurial ecosystem in the country continues to flourish, various financial institutions have stepped up to provide venture capital financing to innovative and high-growth potential ventures. These financing schemes go beyond just providing capital, as they often include mentorship, industry connections, and strategic guidance to nurture the growth of startups. This article explores the venture capital financing schemes offered by various financial institutions in India and their significance in fostering entrepreneurship and innovation.

Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI):

SIDBI, the principal financial institution for the promotion, financing, and development of MSMEs in India, offers multiple venture capital financing schemes. Some of the notable schemes include:

  • SIDBI Venture Capital Limited (SVCL): SVCL provides venture capital support to startups and early-stage companies across various sectors. It invests in equity and equity-linked instruments to support the growth and expansion of innovative businesses.
  • India Aspiration Fund (IAF): Launched as part of the Startup India initiative, IAF aims to support early-stage startups by investing in Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs). The fund focuses on sectors such as technology, healthcare, and agriculture.

Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI):

IDBI offers venture capital financing through its subsidiaries and affiliated entities. One such entity is IDBI Venture Capital Fund Limited (IDBI VC), which supports high-growth companies in technology, healthcare, and other emerging sectors.

State Financial Corporations (SFCs):

State Financial Corporations, established under the State Financial Corporation Act of 1951, play a crucial role in financing and promoting industrial growth at the state level. Many SFCs have venture capital financing schemes specifically designed for startups and early-stage businesses.

India Innovation Growth Programme (IIGP):

IIGP is a joint initiative by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, Lockheed Martin, Indo-US Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF), and Tata Trusts. It offers a unique platform for startups to receive equity-free funding, technical expertise, and mentorship to accelerate their growth.

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD):

NABARD provides venture capital financing to innovative agri-business startups and rural enterprises through its subsidiary, NABARD Financial Services Limited (NABFINS). The focus is on supporting enterprises that contribute to rural development and promote sustainable agriculture practices.

Technology Development Board (TDB):

TDB, under the Department of Science and Technology, offers seed and early-stage funding to startups working on innovative and technology-driven projects. The funding is aimed at bridging the gap between research and commercialization.

National Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB):

NSTEDB supports technology-based startups and incubation centers through the Seed Support System (SSS). The scheme provides financial assistance for prototype development, testing, and market validation.

Atal Innovation Mission (AIM):

AIM, under NITI Aayog, focuses on promoting innovation and entrepreneurship across the country. Through various initiatives like Atal Incubation Centers (AICs) and Atal New India Challenges (ANIC), AIM provides funding, mentorship, and incubation support to startups and entrepreneurs.

Social Venture Funds:

In addition to traditional venture capital financing, there are social venture funds like Aavishkaar and Ankur Capital that specifically target impact-driven startups addressing social and environmental challenges. These funds support enterprises with a social mission and a focus on sustainability.

Corporate Venture Capital (CVC):

Several large corporates in India have set up their venture capital arms to invest in startups and early-stage companies aligned with their strategic objectives. CVCs offer not only funding but also access to industry expertise, market access, and potential partnerships.

Significance of Venture Capital Financing Schemes:

  1. Fostering Entrepreneurship and Innovation: Venture capital financing schemes provide a lifeline to startups and entrepreneurs, encouraging them to take risks and pursue innovative business ideas. This fosters a culture of entrepreneurship and drives innovation in the country.
  2. Addressing the Funding Gap: Venture capital bridges the funding gap faced by startups and early-stage businesses. It provides risk capital when traditional sources of financing are often not available or inadequate for high-risk ventures.
  3. Fueling Economic Growth: Startups and early-stage companies are engines of economic growth. Venture capital financing supports their expansion, leading to job creation, increased economic activity, and overall economic development.
  4. Providing Expertise and Mentorship: Venture capitalists bring valuable expertise and mentorship to the table. They offer guidance and strategic insights to entrepreneurs, helping them navigate challenges and make informed business decisions.
  5. Encouraging Industry-Specific Innovation: Some venture capital funds focus on specific sectors, such as technology, healthcare, or agriculture. This targeted approach encourages innovation in these industries and helps address sector-specific challenges.
  6. Leveraging Public-Private Partnerships: Many venture capital financing schemes involve public-private partnerships, where the government collaborates with private entities to support startups and promote entrepreneurship.
  7. Enhancing Global Competitiveness: Startups backed by venture capital often compete on a global scale. Their innovative products and services help raise India’s profile in the global market and contribute to its competitiveness.

Challenges and Considerations in Venture Capital Financing:

  1. High Risk and Uncertainty: Venture capital investments carry a high risk of failure. Not all startups achieve the expected growth, and many may not generate the anticipated returns for investors.
  2. Long-Term Perspective: Venture capital investments typically have a long investment horizon. Investors understand that startups may take several years to achieve significant growth and profitability.
  3. Dilution of Ownership: Startups receiving multiple rounds of funding may experience dilution of ownership. Founders need to carefully manage equity stakes to retain control over their companies.
  4. Exit Strategy: Venture capitalists seek to exit their investments and realize returns through IPOs, mergers, acquisitions, or secondary market sales. The timing and success of these exits can impact the overall returns to the VC fund.


Venture capital financing schemes offered by various financial institutions in India play a vital role in fostering entrepreneurship and innovation. These schemes provide much-needed funding, expertise, and mentorship to startups and early-stage businesses, empowering them to scale and succeed. Venture capital has emerged as a significant force in driving economic growth, job creation, and industry disruption. As the startup ecosystem in India continues to evolve, venture capital financing will remain a crucial component in nurturing the growth of innovative ventures and shaping the future of the country’s economy.

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