Plant Cell

A plant cell is a type of eukaryotic cell found in plants and some algae. It possesses a cell wall made of cellulose, which provides structural support. Plant cells contain membrane-bound organelles, including a nucleus, chloroplasts for photosynthesis, a large central vacuole for storage and turgor pressure, and other organelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and Golgi apparatus. They are responsible for plant growth, development, and photosynthesis.

Animal Cell

An animal cell is a fundamental unit of structure and function in animals. It lacks a cell wall but is enclosed by a cell membrane. It contains various organelles, including a nucleus, mitochondria for energy production, endoplasmic reticulum for protein synthesis, Golgi apparatus for processing and packaging proteins, and lysosomes for digestion. Animal cells come in diverse shapes and sizes and perform specialized functions within different tissues and organs.

Plant cell Vs Animal Cell

CharacteristicPlant CellAnimal Cell
Cell WallPresent, made of celluloseAbsent
Cell MembranePresentPresent
ChloroplastsPresent (site of photosynthesis)Absent (no photosynthesis)
VacuolesLarge central vacuole presentSmall, numerous vacuoles
CentriolesAbsentPresent (in most animal cells)
LysosomesLess commonMore common
Endoplasmic ReticulumPresentPresent
Golgi ApparatusPresentPresent
Cilia and FlagellaRarely foundMay be present in some cells
Shape and SizeRectangular or angular shape, rigid cell wallRound or irregular shape, flexible cell membrane
ExamplesLeaf cells, root cells, and stem cells in plantsNerve cells, muscle cells, and blood cells in animals
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