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Biology

Solution of all Four Units

We have prepared topic-wise solutions for all four units of the Biology subject of the 1st year B.Tech CSE course of Kurukshetra University. This will help students to study well and prepare for their exams at the top level.

Download the PDF Syllabus of Biology from here...

KUK Btech CSE Solution

Unit-I

Introduction to living world: Concept and definition of Biology;      Importance of biology in major discoveries of life Characteristic features of living organisms;      Cell ultra-structure and functions of cell organelles like nucleus,      mitochondria, chloroplast,      ribosomes and endoplasmic reticulum;      Difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell;      Difference between animal and plant cell.

Classification of organisms: Classify the organisms on the basis of (a) Cellularity;- Unicellular and Multicellular organisms. (b) Energy and Carbon Utilization:- Autotrophs, Hetrotrophs and Lithotrops (c) Habitat (d) Ammonia excretion:- ammonotelic, 17ricotelic and ureotelic. (e) Habitat- acquatic or terrestrial (e) Molecular taxonomy- three major kingdoms of life


Unit-II

Introduction to Biomolecules: Definition,       general classification and important functions of carbohydrates,      lipids,      proteins,      nucleic acids (DNA& RNA: Structure and forms).      Hierarch in protein structure: Primary secondary,     tertiary and quaternary structure.      Proteins as enzymes,      transporters,      receptors and structural elements.

Enzymes as biocatalysts: General characteristics,       nomenclature and classification of Enzymes.       Effect of temperature,      Ph,      enzyme and substrate concentrations on the activity of enzymes.      Elementary concept of and coenzymes.      Mechanism of enzyme action.      Enzyme kinetics and kinetic parameters (Km and Vmax)


Unit–III

Genetics:- Mendel’s laws of inheritance.      Variation and speciation.       Concepts of recessiveness and dominance.      Genetic Disorders: Single gene disorders in human.

Human traits: Genetics of blood groups, diabetes type I & II.

Cell Division:- Mitosis and its utility to living systems.      Meiosis and its genetic significance.       Evidence of nucleic acids as a genetic material. Central Dogma of molecular biology 

Role of immune system in health and disease: Brief introduction to morphology and pathogenicity of bacteria,      fungi,      virus,      protozoa beneficial and harmful for human beings.


Unit-IV

Metabolism:- Concept of Exothermic and endothermic reactions.      Concept of standard free energy and Spontaneity in biological reactions.      Catabolism (Glycolysis and Krebs cycle) and synthesis of glucose (Photosynthesis:- Light and Dark Reaction) of glucose.      ATP as Energy Currency of the cell

Microbiology: Concept of species and strains,       sterilization and media compositions,      growth kinetics.

Role of Biology : Role of Biology in Agriculture,      Medicine,      Forensic science,      Bioinformatics,      Nanotechnology,      Micro-electromechanical systems (Bio-MEMS) and Sensors (Biosensors).


How we made this PPL syllabus solution

In-Depth Research and Expertise: Our team of dedicated educators and subject matter experts have undertaken extensive research on the Biology curriculum, aligning with the standards set by the academic institutions. With years of experience, we have garnered profound insights into the core topics of Biology, allowing us to craft a course tailored to the specific needs of students at various academic levels.

Systematic Approach: Recognizing the complexities of biological sciences, we have adopted a systematic approach to structuring our course content. The material is presented in a logical sequence, guiding learners through a comprehensive understanding of foundational concepts before delving into more advanced topics. This structured approach ensures that students can build a solid foundation, facilitating a smooth transition to complex biological principles.

Real-Life Applications: Understanding the significance of practical knowledge, our course integrates real-life examples and case studies that highlight the application of biological principles in diverse contexts. By showcasing how biology is intertwined with various scientific disciplines, environmental issues, and medical breakthroughs, we aim to make the subject more relatable and applicable to real-world scenarios, enhancing your appreciation for the field.

Cutting-Edge Research: Biology is a dynamic field with continuous advancements and discoveries. We are committed to incorporating the latest research findings and developments into our curriculum. By staying abreast of the latest scientific breakthroughs, we ensure that our students are equipped with the most current information, fostering a deep understanding of the subject and preparing them for the ever-evolving world of biology.

Regular Updates: In line with the rapid progress in biological sciences, we are dedicated to providing regular updates to our course content. As new insights, methodologies, and technologies emerge, we strive to keep our students informed with the latest advancements and industry best practices, empowering them to stay at the forefront of biological research and applications.

How It's Going to be Useful for You

Comprehensive Coverage: Our course encompasses all four units of Biology, leaving no topic untouched. Whether you are looking to revise specific units or master the subject from scratch, Learn Loner provides a complete learning package.

Clarity of Concepts: We understand that Biology can be a challenging subject for many students. Our course is designed with a focus on clarity, simplifying complex topics and breaking them down into easy-to-understand segments. This clarity will enable you to grasp the concepts with confidence.

Exam Preparation: With our course, you can prepare effectively for your B.Tech 1st Year Biology exams. We provide practice tests and mock exams that simulate the actual examination environment, helping you gain the necessary confidence to excel.

Flexibility and Convenience: Learn Loner offers a flexible learning experience, allowing you to study at your own pace and convenience. Whether you're a full-time student or juggling other commitments, our course adapts to your schedule.

Lifetime Access: Once you enroll in our Biology course, you gain lifetime access to the content. This means you can revisit the material whenever you need to refresh your knowledge or review specific concepts.

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