50 Difficult General Knowledge Questions with Answers – GK Questions

Here are 50 difficult General Knowledge (GK) questions with answers to help you prepare for competitive exams. They cover history, geography, politics, economy, science, environment, sports, literature, and current affairs.

50 Difficult General Knowledge Questions with Answers
50 Difficult General Knowledge Questions with Answers

History and Culture

  1. Who was the founder of the Gupta Empire?
    • Answer: Sri Gupta
  2. In which year did the Battle of Plassey take place?
    • Answer: 1757
  3. Who was the first woman to become the Prime Minister of India?
    • Answer: Indira Gandhi
  4. Which ancient Indian book is known as the earliest treatise on statecraft and politics?
    • Answer: Arthashastra by Kautilya
  5. Who built the famous rock-cut temples at Ellora?
    • Answer: Rashtrakuta Kings


  1. Which is the largest desert in the world?
    • Answer: Sahara Desert
  2. What is the name of the boundary line between India and China?
    • Answer: Line of Actual Control (LAC)
  3. Which country has the largest coastline in the world?
    • Answer: Canada
  4. What is the highest peak in South America?
    • Answer: Aconcagua
  5. Which river is known as the ‘Lifeline of Egypt’?
    • Answer: Nile River

Polity and Governance

  1. Who is known as the architect of the Indian Constitution?
    • Answer: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
  2. Which amendment to the Indian Constitution made the Right to Education a fundamental right?
    • Answer: 86th Amendment Act, 2002
  3. How many schedules are there in the Indian Constitution?
    • Answer: 12
  4. Who appoints the Chief Justice of India?
    • Answer: The President of India
  5. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the abolition of untouchability?
    • Answer: Article 17


  1. What is the name of the currency of South Korea?
    • Answer: Won
  2. Which organization is known as the ‘Lender of Last Resort’?
    • Answer: International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  3. What is the primary objective of the Green Revolution in India?
    • Answer: Increase agricultural production by using high-yield variety seeds and modern farming techniques.
  4. Which is the largest stock exchange in the world by market capitalization?
    • Answer: New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
  5. Which Indian economist won the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences in 1998?
    • Answer: Amartya Sen

Science and Technology

  1. Who invented the World Wide Web?
    • Answer: Tim Berners-Lee
  2. What is the chemical symbol for lead?
    • Answer: Pb
  3. Which planet is known as the ‘Red Planet’?
    • Answer: Mars
  4. What is the speed of light in a vacuum?
    • Answer: Approximately 299,792 kilometers per second (km/s)
  5. Who is known as the father of modern genetics?
    • Answer: Gregor Mendel

Environment and Ecology

  1. Which gas is primarily responsible for the greenhouse effect?
    • Answer: Carbon dioxide (CO₂)
  2. What is the main cause of acid rain?
    • Answer: Emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO₂) and nitrogen oxides (NOx)
  3. Which is the largest coral reef system in the world?
    • Answer: Great Barrier Reef
  4. What is the term for species found only in a specific geographic area and nowhere else?
    • Answer: Endemic species
  5. Which organization publishes the ‘Red List’ of threatened species?
    • Answer: International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)


  1. Which country has won the most FIFA World Cup titles?
    • Answer: Brazil
  2. Who is known as the ‘Flying Sikh’ of India?
    • Answer: Milkha Singh
  3. Which is the oldest tennis tournament in the world?
    • Answer: Wimbledon
  4. In which year were the first modern Olympic Games held?
    • Answer: 1896
  5. Who holds the record for the most runs in Test cricket?
    • Answer: Sachin Tendulkar


  1. Who wrote the epic poem ‘Paradise Lost’?
    • Answer: John Milton
  2. Which Indian author wrote the novel ‘Midnight’s Children’?
    • Answer: Salman Rushdie
  3. Who is the author of the Harry Potter series?
    • Answer: J.K. Rowling
  4. What is the title of the first book in the ‘Game of Thrones’ series by George R.R. Martin?
    • Answer: A Game of Thrones
  5. Who wrote ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’?
    • Answer: Harper Lee


  1. What is the name of the longest river in Europe?
    • Answer: Volga River
  2. Which country is known as the ‘Land of the Rising Sun’?
    • Answer: Japan
  3. Who was the first person to step on the moon?
    • Answer: Neil Armstrong
  4. Which element has the highest melting point?
    • Answer: Tungsten
  5. What is the capital of Australia?
    • Answer: Canberra

Current Affairs (as of 2023)

  1. Who is the current Secretary-General of the United Nations?
    • Answer: António Guterres
  2. Which country hosted the 2022 FIFA World Cup?
    • Answer: Qatar
  3. Who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2022?
    • Answer: Ales Bialiatski, Memorial (organization), and Center for Civil Liberties
  4. Which company became the world’s first to reach a market capitalization of $2 trillion?
    • Answer: Apple Inc.
  5. Who is the current President of the United States?
    • Answer: Joe Biden

These questions cover various topics and should help you enhance your general knowledge for competitive exams.

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